The M7.8 Nepal Earthquake of April 25, 2015

A large part of the northern India, especially eastern UP, Bihar and north Bengal, experienced intense shaking during the M7.8 Nepal earthquake on 25 April 2015 at 11:41 am IST. The districts of Bihar adjoining the Nepal border are worst affected with a total of about 60 casualties and damages to several poorly built and weak masonry structures for the reported shaking intensity of VII on MMI scale.

In Nepal, this shallow focus earthquake (depth 15 km) caused unprecedented loss of life and devastation. The epicenter was located in Gorkha district (28.15N 84.71E) in the central Nepal, about 80 km NW of the capital Kathmandu. The worst effected regions are Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, Nuwakot, Sindhupalchok, Dhading and Gorkha. Strong aftershocks of magnitude 6.6 and 6.7 were also felt within a day of the main shock. The maximum shaking intensity of IX (MMI scale) in Kathmandu valley left many historical buildings and temples in ruins. Total deaths were reported as 6,500 in Nepal, 80 in India, 30 in Tibet and 5 in Bangladesh.

More information about this event is available on the following websites:

NICEE mourns with the affected families and communities, and extends its sympathy to survivors.

NICEE remains committed to seismic safety for all through education, awareness and promotion of earthquake resistant construction.This event once again highlighted the importance of earthquake resistant construction in mitigating such large-scale disasters and human tragedies. NICEE provides technical resources for use by various stakeholders on good earthquake engineering practices to ensure overall seismic safety.

NICEE is in contact with other professional international organizations to collect information about damaging effects of this event and specific lessons that can be learnt which can help mitigate seismic risk in the Himalayan region.